Sunday, January 15, 2006


Deccan and South India 235 B.C - 850 A.D - Part 5

Introduction: The Pallavas,Pandyas and the Cholas were the major powers in the southern peninsula.

Pallava Dynasty: The Pallavas played an important role after the fall of Satavahanas from the 300A.D until the rise of the Cholas in the 900 A.D.
Pallavas were divided in to two groups, the early Pallavas and the later Pallavas. The early Pallavas were mentioned in the Tamil and Sanskrit inscriptions. Their territory extended from
the western to the eastern sea. Simhavishnu was the king, who ruled during the 600 A.D

Mahendravarman I (600-630 A.D): Mahendravarman, son of Simhavishnu and was a versatile genius composed a play "Mattavilas Prahasana"(The delight of the drunkards) in Sanskrit.
In his time, scooping the entire temple out of a solid rock was introduced of which the rathas of Mahabalipuram was the finest examples.He was the contemporary of Chalukyan king Pulakesin II and
Harshavardhana of Kanauj. This period was marked with clash between Harsha and Pulakesin II on one hand and Pulakesin II and Mahendravarman II on the other. In both Pulakesin emerged vicotrious.

Narasimhavarman I: Narasimhavarman I was the son and the succesor of Mahendravarman I, who defeated Pulakesin II and advanced as far as Badami and occupied it after a siege.
After the victory, he assumed the title of Vatapikonda. He is also said to have defeated the Cheras, Cholas, Pandyas and the Kalabhrs.Narasimhavarman gave asulum to a Ceylon prince Manavarman and sent
two naval expedition to Ceylon to help him secure the throne.
He was one of the most powerful rulers of South India, who raised the power and prestige of Pallavas as far as Ceylon and South East Asia.

Narasimhavarman II
( 695A.D - 722 A.D): The reign of Narasimhavarman II was peaceful. He initiated a particular style of temple architecture known as the Dravidian style.
He also sent embassies to Chinese emperor.

Decline of Pallavas: In the first half of the eigth century, the Pallavas faced attacks from the Chalukya King Vikramaditya II who is said to have over run Kanchi thrice. They also suffered attacks from the Pandyas and the Rastrakutas during the reign of Dantivarman. Pallavas were succeded by Cholas, destined to be the greatest imperial power in the south, whose influence and power felt by Ceylon and South East Asian countries.

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